The World Health Organization defines IVF male infertility as the inability of a man for one year with regular sexual intercourse (at least once a week) without using contraceptives to conceive a child on his own. In most cases, such infertility is easy to cure – it is enough to visit a specialized specialist and eliminate the causes that “block” conception. But sometimes, men face more severe diseases requiring complex surgeries.
Causes of male infertility
Many continue to live in stereotypes that the woman is to blame for the inability to conceive a child, but this is an outright lie. In the past few decades, IVF infertility in men has increased to 40%. Therefore, in modern medicine, four forms of the disease are distinguished:
Secretory form of infertility in men
With this pathology, the testicles do not produce enough sperm, or the sperm cells have pathologies that prevent them from fertilizing the egg. Also, a common defect is the low mobility of spermatozoa, which does not allow them to “overcome the path” to the egg. Testicular pathologies occur due to such diseases:
- Testicular cancer;
- Cryptorchidism (testicles not descended into the scrotum);
- Parotitis (“mumps”), which can cause inflammation of the testicles;
- Hormonal disruptions;
- Transferred infections (tuberculosis, typhus, syphilis);
- Chronic stress;
- Lack of proteins and vitamins;
- Alcohol abuse;
- Frequent cycling and horseback riding;
- Injuries in the perineum;
- Living in areas with a problematic ecological situation;
- Excessive physical activity.
Obstructive male infertility
This pathology is characterized by difficulties in moving sperm through the vas deferens. It is also possible to completely block the movement of sperm, which requires immediate treatment. Among the reasons that can lead to such infertility are:
- Inflammation of the epididymis;
- Congenital absence of an appendage or vas deferens;
- Performed operations in the pelvic area;
- Retrograde ejaculation;
- Premature ejaculation;
- Erectile function.
- Psychological infertility
The reasons for this condition are the following factors:
Infantilism – a man is not ready for fatherhood, as he is used to taking care only of himself; he is so unprepared for the appearance of a “competitor” who will take away his wife’s time that against this background he may develop psychological problems;
Paternal complex – occurs if a man was brought up in an incomplete family while taking care of younger children and his mother on “his shoulders”; it is as if he has already applied the role of a father to himself and no longer wants to experience it. stress, nervousness, and emotional instability.
This form of infertility is less common than other pathologies – it affects about 10% of men. The essence of this disease is that man’s immune system produces antibodies that “kill” spermatozoa, which excludes the possibility of conception. The incompatibility of partners is also referred to as pathology – in the female body. Antibodies are produced for the sperm of a man, while both spouses can have children with other partners.
Treatment methods for infertility in men
infertility specialist in Lahore is armed with several dozen techniques (both conservative and surgical), which will soon allow a man to feel the joy of fatherhood. The most common methods of dealing with male infertility are:
Drug treatment is suitable for hormonal disruptions, chronic and acute infections, and sexually transmitted diseases (chlamydia, ureaplasmosis). Previously, a man donates blood and sperm for laboratory testing, according to the results of which an individual therapy is selected. Also, to improve the quality of sperm, a man is recommended to stop drinking alcohol, and smoking, adjust his diet, and take vitamins.
Surgical intervention – is actively used in pathologies such as varicocele or blockage of the vas deferens. Studies show that sperm quality improves by 50% or more after such operations.
Artificial insemination – is used in cases of male infertility when the spermatozoa are not mobile enough. The essence of the method is to select the most active and healthy spermatozoa from pre-collected sperm and place them in the uterus at the most favorable time for this (ovulation). For this, a special catheter is used.
IVF (in vitro fertilization) is an effective method for treating pathologies of the reproductive system. From the ovaries, the oocytes are punctured and placed in a test tube. Pre-collected spermatozoa (including thawed ones) are transferred to them. After some time, they observe and select fertilized eggs. After 3-6 days, they are transferred to the uterus (but not more than 3).
Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) – under a microscope, the doctor chooses the most mobile and healthy sperm that can fertilize the egg. This procedure will carry out with the help of special tools: a puncture is made in the egg’s shell with a special needle, after which the sperm is injected.
Alternative medicine in treating male infertility includes acupuncture, manual therapy, and herbal remedy, but there is no scientific evidence of these methods yet. However, many men claim that this is how they cure infertility.
The IVF fertility center Lahore employs urologists, andrologists, and psychologists who have already helped many men. They have the appropriate qualifications and the necessary equipment for the diagnosis and treatment of pathologies.
Whatever method is chosen for treatment, a healthy lifestyle and proper nutrition should become a reliable help. You also need to alternate work time, rest, and sleep for 7-8 hours. In some cases, the most common things can become the causes of infertility in men.
To avoid having to resort to expensive procedures, it is better to prevent diseases that can lead to such a condition from an early age.
From childhood, you need to regularly visit a specialized specialist (first a pediatrician, later a pediatric urologist, and from the onset of puberty, an “adult” urologist). This will allow the timely detection of possible pathologies and quickly cure them.
Sexual life (although it brings a lot of positive emotions) should be orderly. With the onset of sexual activity, you need to use contraceptives.
The lifestyle, the mode of wakefulness and sleep, playing sports, and staying in the fresh air are noteworthy. Limiting visits to baths and saunas and not taking hot baths is necessary. Underwear should be comfortable and not put pressure on the genitals.
As for the diet, it should contain proteins, fats, and carbohydrates in sufficient quantities. Vegetarians are at risk because their body receives less animal protein. Therefore, it is better to abandon this idea and eat a balanced diet. Naturally, it is better to eliminate alcohol or drink it as little as possible. The same applies to cigarettes and drugs. Only if you follow all these rules can you become a happy father.
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